June SWAO Monthly Report

The Semantic Web Applied Ontology (SWAO) Special Interest Group is working to develop a set of guidelines and explanatory documents regarding ontologies. Members of the SIG have prepared overviews of the various purposes and landscapes in which ontologies are developed and used (for example, in semantic application use cases, or for data integration, AI enhancement and explainability, and business knowledge representation), learnings from lexicography, and how ontologies can provide formal definitions of a domain’s concepts, relationships and facts. Within the SIG, there has been much discussion of different approaches to ontology articulation (e.g., how and why an ontology is defined) and its communication. These discussions have addressed ontology purpose and intended audience, various methods of communication (e.g., RDFS, OWL, OWL with rules, Common Logic, etc. or perhaps simple spreadsheets), ability to reuse and maintain ontologies, and much more. The goal of the work is to create a paper articulating the diversity of approaches used in ontology development and its expression. This paper should be available later this year.

January SWAO Monthly Report

The Semantic Web Applied Ontology (SWAO) Special Interest Group is actively involved in the Ontology Summit 2021: Ontology Generation and Harmonization. Harmonization is especially relevant to SWAO because the purpose of SWAO is to help bridge between communities. Ontologies are now routinely being extracted and generated from a large variety of sources, but without articulating the intended purpose or type of the ontologies. Track A of the summit will survey the landscape of ontology types and purposes. Track B will survey the notion of a definition for bridging between different ontologies and between ontologies and people via natural language. Track C is concerned with bridging between the machine learning and ontology communities. Track D considers the organizational aspects of ontologies, especially sustainability of ontologies and their ecosystems.

November SWAO Monthly Report

The Semantic Web Applied Ontology (SWAO) Special Interest Group is embarking on a project to develop ontology articulation guidelines. There are different kinds of ontology for different purpose, such as concrete solutions to specific engineering problems and models for conceptualization. We will articulate the distinctions among various purposes, with different guidelines for different purposes. The intent of this project is to create a guide that will be easy enough to use, but still provide a greater measure of ontological analysis. The guidelines will be expressed as a collection of wiki pages on wiki.iaoa.org and will build on the terminology on this wiki.

JULY SWAO MONTHLY REPORT

The Semantic Web Applied Ontology (SWAO) Special Interest Group will be embarking on a new project to develop a guide for ontology development. Though there are existing guides to ontology development we feel there are gaps in the level of detail of ontological analysis. The intent of this project is to create a guide that will be easy enough to use, but still provide a greater measure of analysis. The goal is to provide more robust ontologies.

JUNE SWAO MONTHLY REPORT

Many communities are now designing and employing semantic technologies, including the knowledge graphs, big data, linked data, and semantic web communities.  These communities actually share many common goals, but the level of collaboration between these communities and the Applied Ontology community has been much less than expected.  SWAO was established to bring all perspectives to the table, thus creating a forum for the multiple communities to work collaboratively in tackling common problems. All are welcome to participate regardless of membership or affiliation.

 

SWAO is currently engaged in two major activities:

 

  1. “Ontology Articulation Guidelines”
  2. Special Issue “Toward Meaningful Explanations” in the Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences